My name is Emmeline. I am 28 years old. I live in California working as a receptionist and am living with my family of 5 in a 2 bedroom 1 bathroom house because I cannot support myself on my income, despite my job being full time. I have an AA degree and have been acting/singing in theatre since I was a kid. I currently do community theatre and stand up comedy alongside my job. But I do not often make money from it, I do it because I love it.
Be honest. Talk about what you like and don’t like. Be fair and build trust. It will serve you well later. For examples, check out my review posts about Elite Blog Academy and Self Publishing 101. I get emails frequently from people who tell me they decided to purchase one of those courses through my affiliate link because it was the most balanced review they found.
I am a student. I have a goal of making about $100,000-$200,000(+)/year within the next 2/3 years with multiple income streams. I already am with an marketing company and they have given me 5/6 mini websites. But I want to have as much income streams as possible in other niches, along with the online business I have already. I have some idea about generating traffic to my mini websites, but I want to know how to convert the traffics into sales and leads. Do You think that’s possible if I join with wealthy affiliate? I am not really looking for money right now, just something that I can legitimately built up within 2/3 years of time. Also I noticed the WA premium membership allows upto 25 website domain or unlimited free websites; I am not sure. do I have to buy each of the domains if I sign up as a premium member? Also, in your opinion, how many articles minimum should an website on WA have to have good ranking? I am a total novice in article writing for business purposes and website building. Please let me know. Thanks!
I just Google “[product type] + affiliate program.” So if you want to promote e-cigs. You would Google, “e-cig affiliate programs” or something of that nature. I like going with companies who have had an affiliate program for a while. Companies with new programs often times are late with payments and/or don’t convert as well as the well established companies.

A: Wealthy Affiliate Premium is available to everyone and in every country. However, Wealthy Affiliate Free Membership is not available to 7 countries at the moment: Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Vietnam. I do not own Wealthy Affiliate and I don’t know why this decision was made so I can’t offer any other details or support on this subject. If you live in one of these seven countries you can still join the premium membership of WA at any time at a regular price of $49 per month.
So it begs the question – I would love to work from a laptop anywhere in the world with good internet , but how on earth do I get started when I have no business idea? I feel lost as all my life i’ve been an accountant but pretty ‘clued up’. I love ‘hustling’ – buying and reselling stuff i find on the cheap, and I always felt an entrepreneurial streak as I love burning the midnight oil when it’s my own work. I’m real sick of the corporate life and am about to finish up at my job after being ‘shafted’ on the probation period (told i was great, good, then suddenly now it was extended and i’m terrible, don’t fit in etc. etc). I really just want to shove it at life and work for myself but what always holds me back isn’t so much going for a course or learning how to do things – but I just don’t know what idea/niche I want to pursue! I just have confidence and am curious about my entrepreneurial streak and ability to push forward – except I don’t have a guiding idea or business/niche in mind? Any advice/help? I haven’t seen your online business yet, so I am not sure what your online business sells – but I arrived here when googling your direct wines review on scams… again another attempt at seeing if I could ‘work for myself’. but alas another one of those get rich quick schemes that get rich off your back more like it.

Needless to say, I was blown away pretty quickly. Even by signing up for their free membership option, it was very apparent that Wealthy Affiliate does things differently. The community, recorded training, live ongoing weekly training sessions, live chat and support options, and business-like approach for beginners to pros alike really blew my mind. Wealthy Affiliate Review: The Training (Part 1)
An affiliate marketing program is a lot of work, and in most situations there's a lot of competition so you're not going to be bringing in money immediately. Business owners and entrepreneurs suppose that all you need do is setup a site and choose an affiliate to associate with and then just let it run its course. But according to Three Ladders Marketing, only 0.6% of affiliate marketers surveyed have been in the game since 2013. That means that affiliate marketing takes time and effort to build and make money.
Once you join I will be getting in touch with you within your first hour to help you get your account setup properly as well as answer any questions you may have on your first day. I know how my first day was and I needed all the help I could get. I want your experience at WA to be the best ever and so I will be there to guide you every step of the way.
Thanks for all the information I am slowly working my way through your list of do’s and donts! ! I’ve been approached by a website that wants to develop editorial content for my blog featuring home improvement tips from their”national client” and pay me $40 a year for reviewing and publishing their content. Boy, I am just not sure how this all works? Any words for when we are approached by others to write for our blogs?

1. Finding a mentor – When you first get started with affiliate marketing, you need guidance. You will have a million questions to ask and having a mentor really does make a significant difference in terms of starting you off in the best possible way and giving you the correct advice you need to start taking action and build your internet business.

I think you did a great job with this review of Wealthy Affiliate. You pretty much covered everything but what I like the most about your review is how you included not only your own testimonial but also those of other successful Wealthy Affiliates who are making money online. This just goes to show that you can really make money online by applying the training and lessons taught by WA.


I have been reading the comments/reviews regarding this company and I am interested in joining,but I have a couple of questions before doing so. My main interest is cooking so I would like to put my own recipes on site would this sort of thing be of interest. Can you also tell me once the 7 day free membership has expired how much is it going to cost on an ongoing basis. What are the layout costs of starting this up if there are any. I am retired and I am looking for an interest but have no experience in this area as I worked for the NHS
Scott~ I am interested in WA and seeing if I can “make it work”. Definitely willing to give it my all. But, I am looking to sign under someone who is definitely 100% available for support. In other words, not just leaving the support to what we get under WA, and not saying you’re there for support but that being just a sales pitch. I have found by experience that sometimes the individual you sign up under is very slow in responding or doesn’t check in periodically to see how you are doing or if you have any questions. They wait until they are contacted. I have signed up for a totally different on-line business venture, but the individual I signed under has NEVER contacted me. My only support comes from within the company itself. Definitely was just a sales pitch!
Can you run a successful business by only using the free membership option at Wealthy Affiliate? Well, you can, but I wouldn’t recommend it. Instead, I recommend you sign up for the free Wealthy Affiliate membership as a way to try things out. Honestly, the free membership is set up to be a bit of a teaser to get you to sign up for premium eventually, but most of us expect that going in. What’s nice about it is you can judge for yourself, based on the free membership, whether it is worth it for you to sign up for premium. Ultimately, only you can decide if Wealthy Affiliate is high quality or not. You will get more than enough of an idea by signing up for their free membership option. On average, about 1 in every eight people upgrade to a premium membership.
Thank you for the reply. You have been on WA for a few years. As there are many different niches; from your knowledge, how many niches(if more than 1) should one person have to provide others with eye catching sites with solid and valuable information make a comfortable living(6 figure) as there are abundance of overwhelming information? You answer pretty fast, which I like. Thanks.
What are some of your interests Scott and what are you passionate about? This is what your website is going to be based on and this needs to be narrowed down to a specific group of people. There are over 2 billion people online every day with this number constantly on the rise. The only thing you need to do is connect with these people and provide them with the information they’re looking for.
One course that will really help you is the course of mastering social engagement. Social media is the best way to succeed in affiliate sales. Once you take this course, you will learn how to get the most success by creating great content and conversions. You will also learn how to keep scaling your content so that it continues to bring in engaged visitors.
Though there are no phone number to call for support. I have always gotten a response from WA webhost support team within an hour. I think it is about preference when it comes to web hosting. Some might find WA host reliable while others would host their websites some where else. Wealthy Affiliate is more of an education program and community for me. Even if I do not host with WA, I will still continue to be a premium member because I see the value in it.
So it begs the question – I would love to work from a laptop anywhere in the world with good internet , but how on earth do I get started when I have no business idea? I feel lost as all my life i’ve been an accountant but pretty ‘clued up’. I love ‘hustling’ – buying and reselling stuff i find on the cheap, and I always felt an entrepreneurial streak as I love burning the midnight oil when it’s my own work. I’m real sick of the corporate life and am about to finish up at my job after being ‘shafted’ on the probation period (told i was great, good, then suddenly now it was extended and i’m terrible, don’t fit in etc. etc). I really just want to shove it at life and work for myself but what always holds me back isn’t so much going for a course or learning how to do things – but I just don’t know what idea/niche I want to pursue! I just have confidence and am curious about my entrepreneurial streak and ability to push forward – except I don’t have a guiding idea or business/niche in mind? Any advice/help? I haven’t seen your online business yet, so I am not sure what your online business sells – but I arrived here when googling your direct wines review on scams… again another attempt at seeing if I could ‘work for myself’. but alas another one of those get rich quick schemes that get rich off your back more like it.
NO ONE! I asked and asked. Other trial members asked. But we got zero proof of anything. And confronted with my requests, all I got were bad excuses from the owners of WA. “People are afraid that you copy their website.” LOL :D) As if I anyone could simply copy a website and steal their business. Totally ridiculous. If this was possible then anyone could easily find a topranking website on Google, copy it and get rich. LOL. And all this “secrecy” totally went against their proclaimed ideology about a helping and sharing community.
WA isn’t a domain registrar so you would need to purchase your domains from either Go Daddy or Namecheap. If you do a search on Google for coupon codes you can usually acquire your own domain for only $1 for your first year and this will end up costing you $10-12 a year after that. You can add plugins to your site so that you can have a shopping cart on your site and be able to accept PayPal/credit cards eCommerce as well.
Thank you for the article! You really provided a fair explanation of how Wealthy Affiliate works. Since this is simply a guide on how to successfully create and run your online business, am I allowed to cancel my membership after a period of time? I know that you said that there’s no limitation to cancelling my subscription, but what would be the benefit to continuing as a member even after I have learned all I needed and I’m successful in my business? What will I be losing if I opted to cancel after I’ve been successful? I’m just trying to learn if they (the founders of Wealthy Affiliate) expect people to pay the monthly or yearly fee forever or until they’ve acquired the success they desire. I look forward to your response!

If you’re a blogger, start by going through your analytics and finding your most popular posts. In Google Analytics (GA) you can find these pages by going to your GA Dashboard > Behavior > Site Content > All Pages. Examine the ones at the top of the list that bring in the most traffic. Are there any affiliate products or services you can naturally include in them?


Affiliate marketing is one of the most popular ways people make money online. It is a strategy where an individual partners with a business in order to make a commission by referring readers or visitors to a business’s particular product or service. But that really is quite a simple explanation. To be really successful at making money with affiliate marketing there is a little more to it.
The greatest thing about Wealthy Affiliate is the pay it forward system that they have in place. When you learn something you share it with the community so that other people can learn as well. I’m glad that you have got your account setup and you are able to log in and get started learning. Let me know if you need any help with the training lessons and I would be more then happy to help you out.
I’m glad that you were able to find my site. I like to think of WA as your 1 stop shop for just about anything you want to learn about online/affiliate marketing. They teach SEO, PPC, Email marketing, Video Marketing, and everything in between. The training offered at OMG doesn’t quite live up to my standards, and it’s extremely overpriced in my opinion.

In April 2008 the State of New York inserted an item in the state budget asserting sales tax jurisdiction over Amazon.com sales to residents of New York, based on the existence of affiliate links from New York–based websites to Amazon.[40] The state asserts that even one such affiliate constitutes Amazon having a business presence in the state, and is sufficient to allow New York to tax all Amazon sales to state residents. Amazon challenged the amendment and lost at the trial level in January 2009. The case is currently making its way through the New York appeals courts.
Can you run a successful business by only using the free membership option at Wealthy Affiliate? Well, you can, but I wouldn’t recommend it. Instead, I recommend you sign up for the free Wealthy Affiliate membership as a way to try things out. Honestly, the free membership is set up to be a bit of a teaser to get you to sign up for premium eventually, but most of us expect that going in. What’s nice about it is you can judge for yourself, based on the free membership, whether it is worth it for you to sign up for premium. Ultimately, only you can decide if Wealthy Affiliate is high quality or not. You will get more than enough of an idea by signing up for their free membership option. On average, about 1 in every eight people upgrade to a premium membership.
I understand that WA has a built in solution to this — promote WA. That in itself is a business one can passionately dedicate himself to. This seems to be an excellent idea initially. But then we have to contend with the fact that there may be tens of thousands of WA affiliates who are in the same boat and who have nothing more to promote than WA itself. There is already a glut in this niche. That’s the reason why every time we do a search for product reviews, we almost ALWAYS end up with a product review done by a WA affiliate who is reviewing the product as a way to lead the visitor to joining WA as the better alternative to the business or product the visitor is researching on.
Your success depends on multiple variables James, like how much knowledge or have (or don’t have currently), how much work you put into developing your business, how consistent you are, how long it takes for you to learn the process and how you put the process to work. Some folks can start earning money in as little as a few weeks, some months and others several months. It really just depends on the individual and how motivated and committed they are.
That url you have here isn’t working so I can’t check them out. If you are a member of WA why are you going else where to find other tools? Everything you need to run a very successful business is at WA. There is no need to waste money on other tools you don’t need. I would just stick with WA and use the tools from here. When you go elsewhere you could buy some software that could hurt your site more then help it.
Continuing with my example above, in my article about roasting green coffee, I can find green coffee sellers and promote their coffee on my blog. In my article about home roasting coffee machines, I can promote my top 3 favorite home roasters. After I sign up for those affiliate programs (they are free to join), I just place my affiliate links in my content, and it automatically tracks sales.

You can Get Started For Free by creating a starter account. You are free to remain as a starter member for as long as you would like until you are ready to take your business to the next level by investing in the premium membership. The $299 price that someone below is asking about is WA’s yearly Black Friday sale where you can get an entire year of the best training, tools, and around the clock help and support for pennies a day.
I understand that WA has a built in solution to this — promote WA. That in itself is a business one can passionately dedicate himself to. This seems to be an excellent idea initially. But then we have to contend with the fact that there may be tens of thousands of WA affiliates who are in the same boat and who have nothing more to promote than WA itself. There is already a glut in this niche. That’s the reason why every time we do a search for product reviews, we almost ALWAYS end up with a product review done by a WA affiliate who is reviewing the product as a way to lead the visitor to joining WA as the better alternative to the business or product the visitor is researching on.
A: I get this question a lot! Unfortunately there is no answer to it. There are so many variables that it’s simply impossible to estimate the timeline of success. It all depends on your work ethics, your ability to take action, the industry (or niche) that you will create your business is, the amount of work you’re willing to put in and many many many other factors. I have seen people start making money with their online business in their first week, I have seen many others who took 6 months to see their first sale.
Yes, you can visit other websites that are in your niche to get some ideas and learn more about it. I actually still do that to this day and once I get my ideas together, I write my review on all the information I’ve researched and put it in my own words. This is perfectly fine and a great practice for you to get into when structuring articles for your website. I hope this helps you out and let me know if you have any other questions.
I’m sorry to hear that you are having trouble signing up for WA. This usually happens when a family member or someone from the same IP address tries to sign up for an account and this won’t work. I would suggest that you either try and sign up from another computer or IP address. This is all tracked by your IP address and the reason they have it setup this way is so that people can’t game the system by signing up for multiple accounts. If you continue to have problems I would send Kyle an email and let him know what issues you are having and he will get you setup. He is the co-owner of WA and his email is Kyle@wealthyaffiliate.com If you have anymore questions or need help with anything else please let me know.
hi alex…. u have motivated me to join WA… but i have seen India was in the free ban list… so how can i join?? whats the membership fees i need to pay… is it monthly or yearly… because 49$ is around 4000 indian rupess which is a big amount for me… i love playing video games.. but doesnot have much knowledge …so have can i learn more about gaming to start an affiliate business…
Also known as a publisher, the affiliate can be either an individual or a company that markets the seller’s product in an appealing way to potential consumers. In other words, the affiliate promotes the product to persuade consumers that it is valuable or beneficial to them and convince them to purchase the product. If the consumer does end up buying the product, the affiliate receives a portion of the revenue made.

Once you get ranked and start getting some traffic to your site you’ll have lots of ways you can earn money from it and this is what you’re going to learn at WA. I will be here to help you out every step of the way and answer any questions you may have. If you haven’t done so already, you should sign up for your FREE starter membership by clicking on the blue button above that says become a member today.
And what about joining another company's affiliate program? It's all about extra revenue. Think about your customers' needs: What other products or services would interest your site visitors? Join those affiliate programs. Affiliate programs can increase your sales with no upfront cost to you. It just takes a little time to plan your strategy and select the partners that will have the greatest impact on your business.
I heard so many good things with Wealthy Affiliate and am a current member, although I’ve been going through some of the videos and asking help from mentors, it’s better to have another helping hand and I’m glad I come across to you. Can you tell me more about how I can be more successful with WA? Oh, btw, I already got so far as making my own website although I just went along with the WA niche but I still need more help with how to make my contents more understandable and friendly browsing. Thank you for your help.
Hey Frank, I am writing to you because I have also been struggling with Inbox Dollars. As you mentioned they should have called it Inbox Pennies. After trying the inbox site and finding out that more than half the time I’m not qualifying for the surveys, I have become quite frustrated. Also the spinning billy is a barrel of laughs! Another reason I am contacting you is in the hopes that Wealthy Affiliate is on the up and up. I have tried a few other online money makers that I payed for, but backed out after learning more about them. I am disabled and in dire need of more supplemental income. Hoping this site is really legit. Hopes for the future, Duane.

The primary purpose of any review, including this review of Wealthy Affiliate, is to help you decide if you should or should not sign up or purchase something. For starters, since you can sign up for a free account at Wealthy Affiliate, I think that is a no-brainer way to go. Don’t take my word or anyone else’s word for it, go see for yourself! There is no credit card required or anything like that. It’s completely free to try.
I discovered your review on WA by first searching the web for reviews on Ameriplan. I am looking to obtain my Associates Degree in Applied Science with a 4.0 GPA within a month and I will need to begin to generate some income. I am hoping to not have to leave the farm to generate this income. Farm girls don’t belong in the city. What exactly does a WA team member do? What is their Website for? Providing reviews on products? Selling products? Are we paid through commissions or by a “sponsor” company? I am able to invest almost unlimited time into this right now as my school benefits carry on about another month and I have basically completed my classes (just waiting on instructor generated material).
Thanks for the review I have been looking into WA and a couple other programs for a couple of weeks. I have decided WA is the way to go! However, I still have a couple of questions. They have probably been answered but I need some more clarification please. 1) I will not be paid by WA directly unless I am a part of their affiliate program, correct? Payments from other Companies come directly from the other companies? 2) This seems a little overwhelming. Is there a course of action for a newbie?
If you set your mind to it you can achieve anything if you are willing to work hard at it. 80% of people who start out in affiliate marketing end up failing because they either don’t have the right training or they get overwhelmed with everything you need to learn to succeed in this business. If you are willing to work hard at this you can make lots of money but it’s not going to come easy.
While on-page SEO is like the body of car, off-page SEO is like the engine. Without a solid foundational body, the entire site will fall apart. But with no off-page SEO, the beautiful website will just sit there going unnoticed. Despite what you might have heard, links are still one of the biggest factor to getting your site ranked high in Google. 
This method sort of takes you accountable. The most important thing you have to do is to take action! It is like doing your homework (I mean… when it’s fun) and your teacher giving you a good grade every time you show it to him/her. You feel you want to complete the lessons because you know you’ll get one step closer to making your dreams come true.
Any amount of time you can spare developing your business is better than nothing. A lot of folks do this business part-time and make a decent income. There’s definitely effort and focus needed in the beginning, but maybe not as much as you think. There’s no cold calling, or direct sales, unlike other online businesses, there’s just a bit of learning and implementing what you learn.
What kind of commission do they offer? One-time commissions or recurring commissions? For example, many programs pay you one time for sending a customer. On the other hand, some programs like membership sites or SaaS (software as a service) programs will pay you a commission as long as the person you referred is a paying customer. Recurring commissions are great when you can find them!
One important thing about affiliate marketing – or doing any business on the Internet for that matter – is to have patience. This is why you need to be affiliated with other affiliate marketers as well on a personal basis as the journey can sometimes be lonely. Being a part of a community gives you courage and the confidence to face difficulties. Also, you can learn a lot when you interact with other marketers. Join forums like Digital Point and Warrior Forum where you get to interact with the best of the affiliate marketing community.

I came across WA after looking into AmeriPlan, as I can see many across the board have also done. I am familiar with Affiliate Marketing, and even bought a kit from another company off a late night television promo many years ago, that I have yet to do anything with. The lure of making money online is pretty intriguing, but do have some questions/concerns I am hoping you can help answer. How do income taxes work with this company? Does WA take care of any of that, or would I be considered an independant contractor, or something similar? I will admit that taxes have been one of the major reasons stopping me over the years from doing a home based business. Also, I enjoy a lot of manly, & even not so manly things. I worry it would be difficult to narrow down a true profitable target audience. My passions include ATV’s, side by sides, products used in this sport, etc. Essential Oils, weightloss (I have lost 185 lbs), food, hunting, fishing, trucks, knives, music, toys, religeous items, survival tools, flash lights, and quite a bit more. What have you personally seen be the most profitable over the years? I have many passions, drives, and loves, that I could truly write about for years to come. Thanks so much for your help!
Instant and friendly help is something that will keep you moving in the right direction. You will not have to spend days searching for answers that don't quite fit what you are looking for, or hours scrolling through old forums and blog posts trying to figure out things by yourself. Now you have hundreds of personal assistants that can show you what to do next.'

So to show you exactly how awesome the training is, and exactly how fast support is, and exactly how friendly everyone is, you can create a free Starter Membership. With this free membership, you'll be able to build your first website and ask unlimited questions. Kyle (the owner) will show you step by step how to pick a topic for your website, how to build your website, and how to create your first articles.
Affiliate marketing is one of the most popular ways people make money online. It is a strategy where an individual partners with a business in order to make a commission by referring readers or visitors to a business’s particular product or service. But that really is quite a simple explanation. To be really successful at making money with affiliate marketing there is a little more to it.

There are a few different payment options that Wealthy Affiliate will accept. These include Paypal as being the safest and most popular one. If you don’t have a Paypal account you can sign up for one for free by going to Paypal.com. Besides taking regular Visa or Master cards you could also do an e-check from your bank and pay for your WA subscription that way.
Always fill out the comment box to “sell” your platform. If you are given the opportunity to explain why you are interested in a program, do it! Use the space to highlight why you would be an asset to the program. Talk about how your audience is their audience. Talk about the size of your mailing list (if it’s significant). Talk about your success with similar programs. Talk about where and how you will promote (hopefully you’ve done a bit of research so you know what they’re hoping for). Don’t sound desperate and certainly don’t lie about anything, but be upfront and honest about how this will be a win for them.

The concept of affiliate marketing on the Internet was conceived of, put into practice and patented by William J. Tobin, the founder of PC Flowers & Gifts. Launched on the Prodigy Network in 1989, PC Flowers & Gifts remained on the service until 1996. By 1993, PC Flowers & Gifts generated sales in excess of $6 million per year on the Prodigy service. In 1998, PC Flowers and Gifts developed the business model of paying a commission on sales to the Prodigy Network.[3][4]
You do make an interesting point. However, whenever I start a new website I am basically starting from scratch. Posting links left right and center will not get you anywhere, it’s the hard work that counts. And to tell you the truth a lot of people do NOT want to do the hard work. This is why many give up rather fast which creates more opportunities for those who are willing to put in the effort.
Also, thank you for recommending Noisli. I get very distracted when working, so this white noise would be perfect. Music (classical) and white noise background sounds do help with concentration. It’s like success is handed right to me, I just need to do the work!!! The tools are all there, help and advice are all there, you see real people making real results. Well I can’t confirm that anybody is real online, but you know what I mean. I liked your sense of humor in this post as well. This review also included examples and talked more about how things work, such as the pages and keywords and how it takes time for your keywords to go up in google. It talks about the beginning where you weren’t making any money, but one day it started, and from then on it was making money itself!!!! Thank you for this review as it was extremely helpful and informative.
Everyone is different when it comes to learning a new skill. Some people can go through the lessons rather quicker then others. You are building a business here and you don’t wanna rush through this because you could miss out on something if you go too fast. Once you start going through the lessons you will be getting your website setup and running.

Making Sense Of Affiliate Marketing – An easy to follow online course that teaches you the ins and outs of affiliate marketing. It’s written by Michelle Schroder who makes $100K+ a month from her blog. A genuine super affiliate that shares her success stories and affiliate marketing techniques with her community both on her private Facebook group and on her blog.
Hey Penny, I am glad I was able to steer you away from Ameriplan and towards a real online business opportunity. The WA Affiliate Bootcamp is only a 1 tier program where as MLM programs are multi tier. This is what separates WA from MLM programs out there. There are many many, different ways to make money online the bootcamp is only one of them and WA teaches you how to do it all. I would suggest starting out with the free starter membership and see what you think of it. I would then at least sample the premium membership because it is significantly discounted 59% off on your first month. This is totally up to you though Penny whenever you are ready. Once you join I will be there to guide you down the right path and show you how to make money online from the thousands of different products and services out there. I look forward to working with you and I will talk to you soon. Wealthy Affiliate The Truth.
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